I realized I haven’t written a blog post to highlight the latest changes in KWin for quite some time. The reason for this is that we currently are mostly focused on getting KWin to work on Qt 5/KDE Frameworks 5. As I have mentioned already in the past KWin is a little bit special in the transition to Qt 5 as we used the low level native, non-portable functions provided by Qt (last week I found one usage of a native function which is not even documented). For us it mostly means that we transit from XLib to XCB and remove code which uses methods which got removed or replaced.
Although that means that we hardly have any new features there are quite some improvements all over KWin. Having to touch the code anyway allows us to also rethink how we tackle a problem.
For example we use Plasma functionality at a few places. The code got added before QtQuick existed so it uses QGraphicsView. With libplasma2 the QGraphicsView support is going to be removed which means we need to adjust our code. Over the last years some areas in KWin already made the transition from Plasma styled QGraphicsView to QtQuick, such as our Window Switcher or the Desktop Change OSD. But some areas remained: the close button in Present Windows and the add/remove desktop button in Desktop Grid. Here we have now a nice improvement ready for 4.11: these elements got rewritten in QML and they look way better now.
For comparison just do Ctrl+F8 or Click here.
This was AFAIK the last bits of UI in KWin which hasn’t done the transition to QML yet. By using QML for all of our UIs the code becomes much easier to maintain, easier for users to improve it, easier to style it. The last point is really important for KWin adjustments for non-Plasma environments like Razor-Qt. Though they use a fair bit of Plasma styling already and with KF5 libplasma2 will be so small that it hardly matters 😉
The screenshot also shows another new improvement thanks to the transition to XCB. In the left upper corner a glow is shown when approaching the corner with the mouse cursor. If you use auto-hiding Plasma panels you already know this glow. This change became possible because the screen edge related code was one of our strongest user of XLib and a refactoring was needed anyway to support the world after X. The new design follows an approach which will make it easy to add support for a new windowing system – even if I do not know how exactly that will look like in a Wayland world (currently Qt5 is the highest priority). Also we plan to make KWin take care of the screen edges needed for the Plasma Panel. This removes quite some duplicated functionality from Plasma and solves the general “problem” that Plasma cannot listen to just all mouse events in a Wayland world.
One of the areas which has seen most adjustment so far is our XRender based compositor. It was a heavy user of the QPixmap/X pixmap relationship and needed to change. I still consider XRender as an important part of our compositing offering and therefore decided to do the porting. Interestingly the porting did also bring improvements to our OpenGL compositors. Again the reason is that we had to rethink. Our decoration rendering code used the QPixmap/X Pixmap relationship from the time when KWin only supported the native Qt graphicssystem. When we did the transition to raster the code did not get adjusted to the new world and that’s why we for example recommended the native graphicssystem for XRender. With the native system going away we just had to make it better and the improvements made for XRender benefit the OpenGL compositor in the same way. With Qt 5 I hope that we can get some further improvements for the QtQuick based window decorations. I was running KWin on XRender with raster and Plastik-QML as window decoration and was positively surprised: I couldn’t notice a difference in the speed compared to the OpenGL backend.
So how far are we with the transition to Qt 5? Last week I did a test compile against Qt 5 and KF 5. I hit a few issues but got it compiled. Apart from the known low-level issues (we still need some of the functions for Qt 4’s native graphicssystem) I only hit one compile issue with Qt 5 – given the source base that’s really a great job by the Trolls! In KF 5 I hit a few more issues – also because it’s not yet meant to be used. Well it doesn’t bother me much, I fixed the issues and started to integrate them either in KWin or in KF5.
But when it’s not yet supposed to be used, why am I investing time into it? The reason is the event filter. We need to transit our event filter from XLib to XCB and that’s something we can only test once we are running against Qt 5. I have some code prepared which at least compiles, though I know that it doesn’t cover everything and needs to be changed. I plan to give it a try over the next day, just to see how much breaks. But that’s the reason why we are doing it right now to have enough time till we do the final transition.